Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Over 19,000 men were diagnosed with prostate cancer in Australia in 20191. New testing and analysis technology means more men are able to have their cancer detected early. While a diagnosis requires clinical testing, these risk factors that can increase a man’s chances of developing prostate cancer.
Risk Factor 1: Age
The most important risk factor for prostate cancer is age. Most prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over 502. Most men will experience enlargement of the prostate as they age. This enlargement is natural and may cause similar symptoms or changes to the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). This is why testing with an expert clinician is so important.
Those men who have a known family history of prostate cancer may consider testing at 40. Men with no known family history or other risk factors may consider regular testing from the age of 50.
Risk Factor 2: Race
While the exact genetic causes of prostate cancer are not yet known, men of African descent are known to have an increased risk of prostate cancer3. Men of African descent or mixed race including African descent should inform their clinician of this fact when discussing prostate cancer testing.
Risk Factor 3: Family History
Family history and genetics can play a big role in a man’s risk of prostate cancer. Having a father or brother who has been diagnosed with prostate cancer will more than double your risk. This makes testing for these men even more important. Having more than one can increase your risk even further.
Having a mother or sister with breast cancer can also increase your risk. Those men who had a brother or father die of prostate cancer younger than 60 have an even greater increased risk.
Men with a family history should consider regular testing. They should also ensure they are working with a expert clinician who understands the influence of family history on prostate cancer.
What to do if you are at risk?
Prostate cancer is common. It will effect 1 in 6 men in their lifetime. Even with an increased risk, early detection is possible. Discussing your risk factors with an expert clinician is the best path to early detection.
Maxwell Plus allows men to connect with an expert doctor who will help design you a personalized testing pathway. Click Here to Get Started.
If you do not live in a country in which Maxwell Plus is available, consider discussing these risk factors with your general practitioner.