The prostate is a small gland, roughly the size of a walnut, that forms part of the male reproductive system. It sits just below the bladder.
Prostate cancer is when cells in the prostate grow abnormally. These cells tend to grow more rapidly than regular prostate cells which is what forms a tumor of the prostate.
If these cells break away from the prostate they can spread to other parts of the body. This is known as metastasis and signals late stage prostate cancer, outcomes at this stage are poor.
Symptoms typically aren’t seen until later stages of prostate cancer.
Around 1 in 6 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime.
Sadly over 3000 men die from prostate cancer each year in Australia.
Some men, based on their family history or other risk factors are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer. These men may also develop prostate cancer at a younger age.
When detected early, outcomes for prostate cancer are fantastic with a 5-year survival rate of >98%. Outcomes are dramatically reduced when the disease is detected late.
Regular testing by a doctor is the best way to ensure that you end up in the 98%.